By Andy King, Michael A. Penman
Regular bills of Anglo-Scottish family over the total fourteenth century has a tendency to provide a sustained interval of sour enmity, defined typically through stock-phrases similar to 'endemic warfare', and typified by way of battles similar to Bannockburn , Neville's move  or Otterburn , border-raiding and the seize of James I of Scotland via English pirates in 1406. even though, as this assortment indicates, the location was once way more advanced. Drawing jointly new views from new and top researchers, the essays examine the good complexity of Anglo-Scottish tensions during this such a lot momentous of centuries and in doing so usually display a much more ambivalent and now and then even a calm and efficient Anglo-Scottish dynamic. the subjects handled comprise army campaigns and ethos; the improvement of artillery; the major 'Disinherited' Anglo-Scot, Edward Balliol; Scots in English allegiance and Border Society; non secular patronage; Papal relatives; the impact of dealings with Scotland on England's executive and parliament; id, ethnicity and otherness; and shared values and acculturation. participants: AMANDA BEAM, MICHAEL BROWN, DAVID CALDWELL, GWILYM DODD, ANTHONY GOODMAN, ANDY KING, SARAH LAYFIELD, IAIN MACINNES, RICHARD ORAM, MICHAEL PENMAN, ANDREA RUDDICK AND DAVID SIMPKIN.
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Extra info for England and Scotland in the Fourteenth Century: New Perspectives
There certainly appears, from what little knowledge that we have of the Bannockburn army, to have been a high level of continuity in the cavalrymen who served in the two hosts. 60 The names of one hundred of the retainers on the protection lists in 1310 also appear on the Scottish roll four years later. Given that the Bannockburn campaign is so poorly documented in every other respect, it is clear that this must be only a small portion of the total number of soldiers who, having served during 1310 and 1311, later succumbed to Bruce’s army on the approach to Stirling castle.
This raid, and Edward’s subsequent pursuit of Bruce, is only mentioned in the ‘Lanercost’ chronicle. 50 It is therefore probable that the raid and Edward’s reaction to it took place as soon as the English army returned to Berwick early in November. By the end of the month all of the leading army commanders were wintering in the border fortresses, and little action seems to have been taken until after the New Year. One interesting exception to this were the intriguing attempts made by Edward to lure Bruce into truce negotiations, or perhaps more deceptively into a trap.
The enrolment of letters of protection for ‘feudal’ soldiers in the companies of retinue leaders far in advance of the muster shows that a number of lords considered such men to be in their service before they had registered their names with the marshal. Such ‘feudal’ soldiers were not serving for forty days and then looking to attach themselves to retinues, but were riding under their noble and baronial leaders whilst officially giving ‘feudal’ service to the Crown. 72 On 19 September six sergeants proffered their service on behalf of the Abbot of Malmesbury.
England and Scotland in the Fourteenth Century: New Perspectives by Andy King, Michael A. Penman