By Kyu Sik Lee, Roy Gilbert
"Sixty 3 of seventy five international locations with greater than 5 million individuals are now pursuing decentralization rules that devolve capabilities and duties to neighborhood governments, however the technique of decentralization is seriously restricted through an absence of institutional capability between neighborhood governments, constrained source mobilization on the neighborhood point, and restricted entry to long term financing for funding courses. Municipal improvement tasks (MDP) target at mitigating those constraints." This research has goals: (i) to evaluate affects of MDPs at the institutional potential construction of neighborhood governments for monetary and fiscal administration and for making plans and implementation of funding courses; and (ii) to evaluate either "direct" affects at the beneficiaries as expected through the tasks, and "indirect" (longer-term) affects at the improvement of neighborhood economies targeting employment and source of revenue iteration within the engaging municipalities. It specializes in the MDPs applied in Brazil and the Philippines. The authors clarify the common sense of the review tools and what the reviews suggest for destiny initiatives.
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Extra info for Developing towns and cities: lessons from Brazil and Philippines, Part 489
In addition, the study teams conducted fieldwork in Brazil and the Philippines during 199798. An OED workshop held in December 1998 to discuss the study's preliminary findings was well attended by municipal development experts from across the Bank. El estudio se basó en las evaluaciones ex post terminadas hace poco de proyectos municipales de desarrollo correspondientes a Brasil y Filipinas y en datos provenientes de muchas fuentes. El análisis se valió de indicadores seleccionados extraídos de una base de datos muy grande de financia-mientos municipales que abarca a más de 800 municipalidades en un período de siete años, y de una encuesta de los mercados públicos de Filipinas.
L'analyse est fondée sur un certain nombre d'indicateurs établis à partir d'une très vaste base de données sur les finances municipales couvrant plus de 800 municipalités sur une période de sept ans, ainsi que sur une enquête relative aux marchés aux Philippines. En outre, les équipes chargées de l'étude ont effectué en 199798 des travaux sur le terrain au Brésil et aux Philippines. Des experts du développement municipal représentant les services les plus divers de la Banque ont participé, en décembre 1998, à un atelier de l'OED au cours duquel ont été examinées les conclusions préliminaires de l'étude.
Three more states, Minas Gerais (Loan 3639), Ceará (Loan 3789), and Bahia (Loan 4140), are now implementing MDPs with loan amounts ranging from US$100 million to US$150 million. More than 2,100 municipalities come under the purview of these five MDPs in Brazil. In the Philippines, a second MDP (Loan 3146) was approved in 1989 and was followed by a third MDP (Loan 3455, approved in 1992) to meet the strong demand for financing among the municipalities in that country. A fourth project, the Local Government Finance and Development Project (LOGOFIND), was approved in 1999, with a proposed loan amount of US$100 million.
Developing towns and cities: lessons from Brazil and Philippines, Part 489 by Kyu Sik Lee, Roy Gilbert