By Frédéric Encel
L. a. géopolitique, une self-discipline compliquée ? Le monde d’aujourd’hui, une affaire de spécialistes ? Certes pas !
Excellent pédagogue, Frédéric Encel s’empare d’une vingtaine d’idées reçues parmi les plus communément admises sur le monde contemporain : « los angeles France n’est plus une grande puissance », « L’ONU ne fait rien ! », « Les médias ne disent pas tout », «L’Occident a créé Israël à reason de los angeles Shoah »…
Il démonte brillamment ces fausses évidences, offrant au passage une examine percutante et obtainable. Un ouvrage vital pour comprendre notre époque.
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Extra info for De quelques idées reçues sur le monde contemporain: Précis de géopolitique à l'usage de tous
Richardson (1972), David Teece (1980; 1982), and others. But the market-based management literature, like other writings in the nexus-of-contracts tradition, appears to mischaracterize the nature of “planning” within the ﬁrm. For example, it attributes to the Coase–Williamson tradition the view that “internal markets are doomed to failure, because the business ﬁrm is by nature a command hierarchy” (Ellig, 1993, p. 9). e Coasian tradition, however, does not imply that ﬁrms do or should adopt a command-and-control structure; on the contrary, as we have already seen, the modern ﬁrm will tend to be signiﬁcantly decentralized, so that managers and workers at all levels of operations can make use of local knowledge.
25 to the theory of the ﬁrm. In the production-function approach, money capital is treated as a factor of production. e manager’s objective is to maximize the diﬀerence between total revenues and total costs, with the cost of capital treated simply as another cost (and typically assumed to be exogenous). e residual, “proﬁt,” is retained by the manager. Hence ﬁnancial capital receives scant attention. As discussed below, this can be a serious ﬂaw. Two Alternative Perspectives What, then, is the proper way to understand the business ﬁrm?
Accompanying these advantages are shortcomings, inherent in the nature of the system. When the system pursues a few priority objectives, regardless of sacriﬁces or losses in lower priority areas, those ultimately responsible cannot know whether the success was worth achieving. e central authorities lack the information and physical capability to monitor all important costs—in particular opportunity costs—yet they are the only ones, given the logic of the system, with a true interest in knowing such costs.
De quelques idées reçues sur le monde contemporain: Précis de géopolitique à l'usage de tous by Frédéric Encel