By Brian Balogh
Chain response seeks to provide an explanation for how and why the USA got here to rely so seriously on its specialists after global warfare II, how these specialists translated that authority into political clout, and why that authority and political discretion declined within the Nineteen Seventies. Brian Balogh's pathbreaking examine into the interior memoranda of the Atomic power fee substantiates his arguments in notable historic element.
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Extra info for Chain Reaction: Expert Debate and Public Participation in American Commercial Nuclear Power 1945-1975
By the eve of World War II, two of these obstacles had almost been surmounted. Immaturity was the first to fall. " In profession-building terms, it could be measured by professional autonomy. The interwar years were a crucial period of parallel development for both the professions and the federal government. The millions of dollars poured into professional development by the voluntary sector and the growth of American research universities nurtured the professions in both the physical and social sciences.
On the social sciences, see Samuel Z. Klausner and Victor M. , The Nationalization of the Social Sciences (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1986). 11 Newman, "Era of Expertise," p. 55 for statistics, p. 59 for quotation, and ch. 3 for transformation of academic community vis-a-vis federal support. 28 Chain Reaction static. Over time, funding agencies increased their control over the research agenda. 12 Beneath the veneer of expert-agency relations, another powerful dynamic spurred by specialization - operated.
Bernstein, "The Atomic Bomb and American Foreign Policy, 1941—1945: An Historiographical Controversy," Peace and Change 11, no. 1 (Spring 1974): 1— 16. Asked by Gallup in August 1945 whether they "approve or disapprove of using the new atomic bomb on Japanese cities," 85 percent of those questioned expressed approval (George H. Gallup, The Gallup Poll: Public Opinion 1935-1971, vol. 1 [New York: Random House, 1972]). The best summary of public reaction to the use of atomic weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki is Michael J.
Chain Reaction: Expert Debate and Public Participation in American Commercial Nuclear Power 1945-1975 by Brian Balogh