Download e-book for kindle: Carbon-Energy Taxation: Lessons from Europe by Mikael Skou Andersen, Paul Ekins

By Mikael Skou Andersen, Paul Ekins

ISBN-10: 019957068X

ISBN-13: 9780199570683

Whilst taxes are brought on carbon and effort, and the profit is used to lessen different taxes, will a favorable impression be accomplished either for the surroundings and for the economic climate? In 1990 Finland used to be the 1st state to introduce a tax on CO2. Later, Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, Slovenia, Germany and the united kingdom go well with with tax reforms that shifted taxation from labour to carbon and effort. through the years, CO[{2} and effort taxes have steadily been raised, in order that in Europe taxes of greater than 25 billion Euros a yr were shifted. This publication examines carbon-energy taxation intimately and appears at tax transferring programmes for reducing different taxes. It deals huge research at the foundation of ancient info and seeks to respond to vital questions for policy-making, reminiscent of: What was once the impression of tax transferring for monetary functionality and competitiveness? via how a lot have been emissions of CO[{2} diminished? may energy-intensive industries reduce additional down on their gas call for or did they free marketplace stocks? To what volume used to be there "leakage" from Europe, in order that creation and CO[{2} emissions have been shifted to different nations or areas with no CO[{2} -abatement coverage? using targeted and unique facts, together with sector-specific power costs and taxes, in addition to using complex statistical strategies, resembling co-integration research and panel-regression ideas in addition to the time-series anticipated macro-economic version E3ME, make this a very entire quantity. at the foundation of the teachings realized in Europe, this quantity shows how carbon-energy taxation may usefully be mixed with emissions buying and selling, and discusses implications for destiny foreign weather coverage, together with how the IPCC options for a gentle escalation in carbon fee will be entire whereas combating carbon leakage.

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Extra resources for Carbon-Energy Taxation: Lessons from Europe

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Nielsen, S. , Pedersen, L. , and Sørensen, P. B. 1995. ‘Environmental policy, pollution, unemployment and endogenous growth’. International Tax and Public Finance, 2: 185–205. Nutzinger, H. , and Zahrnt, A. Z. 1990. Für eine ökologische Steuerreform. : Fischer Verlag. OECD. 1993. Environmental Policies and Industrial Competitiveness. Paris: OECD. 1997. Environmental Taxes and Green Tax Reform. Paris: OECD. , ed. 1997. Ecotaxation. London: Earthscan. , and Portney, P. 1995. ’ Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9/4: 119–32.

They relate to the degree of slack in human behaviour and in company operations, and the failure to mobilize all the knowledge which is embedded in an organization. Energy will be squandered as long as prices are relatively modest compared with other input factors, such as labour and capital, but once outside pressure is introduced, companies will be motivated to mobilize the knowledge and technology available so as to control unit energy costs. Out of such a process, innovations may evolve which may improve economic efficiency and competitiveness.

And Stone, R. 1985. ‘Using regulation to change the market for innovation’. Harvard Environmental Review, 9/2: 419–65. Barker, T. 1998. ‘The effects on competitiveness of coordinated versus unilateral fiscal policies reducing GHG emissions in the EU: an assessment of a 10% reduction by 2010 using the E3ME model’. Energy Policy, 26/14: 1083–98. and Köhler, J. ) 1998. International Competitiveness and Environmental Policies. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Bovenberg, A. , and de Mooij, R. A. 1994. ‘Environmental Levies and Distortionary Taxation’.

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Carbon-Energy Taxation: Lessons from Europe by Mikael Skou Andersen, Paul Ekins

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