By Philip Grierson
This publication covers stages of the coinage, gold, silver, and copper coinage, forms and inscriptions, and ruler representations. Tables of values corresponding with a number of instances within the empire's background, a listing of Byzantine emperors, and a word list also are supplied.
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Additional resources for Byzantine Coinage (Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Collection Publications)
27 g. The reverse has a bust of the emperor. (Christ Emmanuel) was introduced by Manuel I (1143–80; Fig. 63) as a play on his name and was used by many of his successors, but the first, in cruder form, was revived under Michael III a century and a half later (Fig. 11). Basil I (867–886) replaced it in 867 with an image of Christ enthroned (Fig. 64), and thenceforward representations of Christ are a regular feature of the coinage. Some of the types derive from well-known icons of the capital. The earliest seated Christ probably reproduced the figure in the conch of the apse above the imperial throne in the Chrysotriklinos of the Great Palace, initially set up under Justin II and restored between 856 and 866, while the bust of Christ Pantocrator (Fig.
70). It was used by two rulers of the mid-eleventh century, who thereby intended to assert the “orthodoxy” of eastern sovereigns during the conflict with Rome that resulted in the schism of 1054. , after his father’s accession to power. It is used on a coin of Constantine VII (Fig. 71), who had an interest in asserting the legitimacy of his birth against those who denied the validity of his father Leo VI’s fourth marriage; it was used again under John II Comnenus (1118–43), the first emperor for over a century who had come to the throne by hereditary succession.
Heraclius in later life and his grandson Constans II (Fig. 8) are remarkable for their vast beards. A strong element of portraiture 2:1 53 Phocas. 38 g. The reverse has a facing angel. 29 54 Bronze steelyard weight of the emperor Phocas. British Museum. 56 Leontius. 31 g. The reverse has a cross on 2:1 steps. 55 Justinian II. 49 g. The reverse 2:1 has a cross on steps. exists in coins of the late seventh century, when the imperial mint had the services of a die-sinker of talent who rendered admirably the wispy mustache of Constantine IV, the youthful features of Justinian II (Fig.
Byzantine Coinage (Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Collection Publications) by Philip Grierson