By Thomas Sputo & Jennifer Turner (editors)
Bracing Cold-Formed metal constructions: A layout consultant files the present practices regarding bracing cold-formed metal constitution parts and platforms. for lots of engineers the layout of buildings utilizing cold-formed metal is noticeable as a frightening activity. This record seeks to take away the various perceived secret by way of offering conveniently valuable details for bracing those buildings. Heavy on functions and examples, this ebook comprises layout examples illustrating bracing layout for varied different types of cold-formed metal buildings, in addition to an intensive record of basic reference resources. This document is gifted as a layout advisor and should help the training engineer in designing cold-formed metal constructions with higher degrees of reliability, protection, and financial system. issues comprise: • advent to Bracing layout • Cold-Formed Framing • Cold-Formed metal in steel construction platforms • Miscellaneous Cold-Formed metal components and platforms
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Extra info for Bracing Cold-Formed Steel Structures
This bridging must be anchored to walls or solid blocking to provide a path for the restrained twisting forces to be removed from the floor system. (AISI 2002e). Figure 2-11 Floor Joist Bridging If joists are continuous over multiple spans, points of contraflecture develop where the bottom, or unbraced flange goes into compression under gravity loads. Common practice is to provide mechanical bracing at or near the inflection point, and at other intervals necessary to develop the required design strength in the region of negative bending.
Design the top chord lateral bracing. Design the diagonal bracing to transfer the cumulative forces from the lateral braces to the shear walls receiving this force. 5. Design the connections for the top chord lateral and diagonal bracing. Anchorage should be either to the roof or ceiling diaphragms, or anchored at the ends of a solid wall. 6. Design bottom chord lateral and diagonal bracing in a manner similar to the top chord bracing design. 7. Design the web lateral bracing, connections to truss, and anchorage.
Figure 2-12 Blocking Types (LGSEA 2002b) Bracing design is complex and time consuming if the designer is new to bracing design. Not only is the design detailed, but specifications for the design of truss bracing have yet to become standardized making it difficult to know what procedure to follow. Advisory guidelines have been published by the Light Gage Steel Engineers Association (LGSEA). Although intended only as a guide, they greatly simplify the task by stating that bracing should be designed using a minimum of 2 percent of the full member axial force (LGSEA 1998b).
Bracing Cold-Formed Steel Structures by Thomas Sputo & Jennifer Turner (editors)