By John R. Logan, Todd Swanstrom
This booklet demanding situations the suggestion that there's a unmarried, international strategy of fiscal restructuring to which towns needs to post. The reviews during this quantity examine city improvement within the usa, Western Europe, and Japan, demonstrating that there's major kind in city monetary restructuring. The individuals emphasize that the commercial forces reworking towns from business concentrations to postindustrial provider facilities don't exist except politics: all geographical regions are seriously interested by the restructuring method.
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Extra resources for Beyond the City Limits: Urban Policy and Economic Restructuring in Comparative Perspective
1976. " American Journal of Sociology 82:3 0 9-3 2 . Newton, Kenneth, and T. J. Karran. 1985. The Politics of Local Expenditure. London: Macmillan. Noyelle, Thierry J. 1986. " In Local Economies in Transition, ed. Edward M. Bergman. : Duke University Press. O'Connor, James. 1973. The Fiscal Crisis of the State. New York: St. Martin's. Parkinson, Michael, Bernard Foley, and Dennis R. Judd. K. S. Experience. : Scott, Foresman and Company. Peet, Richard. 1987. International Capitalism and Industrial Restructuring: A Critical Analysis.
Copyrighted Material 36 URBAN POLICY Collective consumption policies are another point where politics interfere with economic deductions. There are, to be sure, some general trends toward decreasing public intervention, spreading market relations, and privatizing part of public services. But the level of development of welfare states is different, and so are their political characteristics. The ways they are affected by those similar changes are also different. In housing, for example, there seems to be a general decline of public intervention for public housing, going as far as dismantling the council housing system in Britain-although France might be a case showing that we should not jump to definitive conclusions too quickly, since the present socialist government seems to be shifting back to a policy supporting a greater effort for public housing.
The figure would be slightly higher if one could estimate the loss of municipal income resulting from tax abatements of taxe professionnelle (a local tax on business, based on capital assets and salaries). But it would still remain quite low since, in contrast with other countries, French municipalities have not, as a whole, entered a wild competition offering all sorts of subsidies to attract business. If the total product of taxe professionnelle has slightly receded in recent years, it is a consequence of measures decided by the central government in 1982 and 1987, and if one neutralizes their effects, the trend resulting from local decisions only is still upward (Direction Generale des Collectivites Locales 1987, 21).
Beyond the City Limits: Urban Policy and Economic Restructuring in Comparative Perspective by John R. Logan, Todd Swanstrom