By Douglass W. Bailey
Интересная книга для праисторий Балксанского полуострова
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Additional resources for Balkan prehistory
In the present chapter, discussion focuses on the late Pleistocene and early Holocene and includes a brief introduction to the upper Palaeolithic which, as suggested below, runs from c. 50,000 BP. 1 Here, attention is restricted to a few key sites, the most important trends in climate, lithic acquisition networks and developments in human behaviour such as the spatial organization of activities within sites and early forms of expressive material culture. We turn first to the beginnings of the upper Palaeolithic and note differences between it and the core areas of the European Palaeolithic; then we examine the evidence for early symbolic expressions of individual and group identities.
EXPRESSIONS OF IDENTITY IN THE BALKAN LATE PLEISTOCENE The absence of cave and mobiliary art in the Balkan upper Palaeolithic gives the impression of a period in which explicitly visual human expression was nonexistent. This was not the case. Two main examples are presented here; both suggest the production and use of material culture as a component in the expression of individual and group identities. One of the examples, the production and use of bifacially flaked leaf-points, crosses the divide from the middle to the upper Palaeolithic.
The most significant difference between present conditions at Temnata and those of the later upper Palaeolithic has more to do with humidity than temperature. Lower precipitation and lower temperatures would have favoured a domination of landscapes by open vegetation favouring species at home in forest-steppe, bush and dry meadow conditions. Based on the detailed work undertaken at Temnata Dupka and Bacho Kiro, fundamental differences in environment are evident between east and westcentral Europe during the upper Palaeolithic.
Balkan prehistory by Douglass W. Bailey