By Julia Van Deusen PhD OTR/L FAOTA, Denis Brunt PT EdD
This specified reference is the 1st to mix actual remedy and occupational treatment in a single entire quantity. every one bankruptcy contains a synopsis of the cloth, historical past details, pathology, an outline of the evaluation instruments, pattern evaluate approaches, a precis of pertinent learn, a listing of references, and a brief thesaurus. subject matters mentioned variety from statistical thought to surgical stories to the patient's skill to be self-sufficient. this article presents the reader with a superb conceptual origin in overview.
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Extra info for Assessment in Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy
The Rasch measurement models (Fischer, 1993) are procedures that are currently being used in the development of assessment tools in occupa tional therapy that have the potential to validate hierarchi cally based assessments. Rasch measurement models are , in part, scaling procedures that permit a test developer to rank order the items on a scale from easiest to hardest. This ordering of items in turn allows the ordering of individuals in terms of their ability on the trait being measured . For example, the FIM motor and cognitive items could be hierarchically ordered such that an individual can be placed on a continuum from less independent to more indepen dent.
1972). The concept of the universe of observational scores for an individual is not unlike that of true score for an individual introduced earlier. Here you can see the link that is central to reliability theory, which is how accurate is the tool in measuring true score, or, in the case of observational data, in producing a score that has high generalizability over infinite observations. To improve the estimation of the "true observational score," we need to isolate as many sources of error as may be operating in a given situation to obtain as true a measurement as is possible.
Since criterion-related validation is based on using correlation coefficient (usually the pearson produc moment correlation coefficient if the predictor and crite rion are both continuous variables), then the issues t consider with this form of validity are those that impact th correlation coefficient. For example, the range of individua scores on the predictor or criterion can be limited, th relationship between the predictor and criterion may not b linear, or the sample size may be too small.
Assessment in Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy by Julia Van Deusen PhD OTR/L FAOTA, Denis Brunt PT EdD