Download e-book for iPad: Archaeology Coursebook; An Introduction to Study Skills, by Jim Grant

By Jim Grant

ISBN-10: 0415236398

ISBN-13: 9780415236393

The Archaeology Coursebook is an unrivalled advisor to scholars learning archaeology for the 1st time. complete and effortless, it is going to curiosity pre-university scholars and academics in addition to undergraduates and fans. in particular designed to help studying it introduces the main in general tested archaeological equipment, recommendations and topics and illustrates techniques and statement with over two hundred images and drawings of excavation websites, technique and approaches, instruments and gear.

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Ordnance Survey (OS) maps During the early nineteenth century the OS mapped each county at 1 inch to 1 mile. From the 1880s OS 6 inch to 1 mile maps provided more detail of individual buildings and even hedge species. OS maps established a new standard in accuracy and a comprehensive system of coding and keys for features. A grid system was used which covered the whole country and enabled precise references to be given. By examining a succession of maps for any area, changes in land use and the built environment can be easily seen.

It is a relatively cheap way of surveying large areas since volunteer labour can be used to collect and wash finds. It can help establish the function and period of a site without excavation and provide insights into location and exchange. The Far Green, Barton End Fieldwalking – 15/10/99 Grid North 983 982 S hi o pt ns G 857 983 n e 858 983 856 983 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 a Scale 1:2,000 N ra 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 ve 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 2 4 6 8 10 12 856 982 855 982 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 857 982 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 858 982 1 3 5 7 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 855 857 981 856 981 855 981 856 13 Once washed and identified, finds are counted for each grid or transect.

Some only show up in drought conditions when crops with access to moisture have the greatest advantage and colour contrast is exaggerated. The technique works best on quick draining soils such as river gravels but is less good on clay or areas of deeper topsoil, where the soil retains moisture well. Cropmarks show up best in cereal crops such as wheat and particularly barley. They do not show up in many crops, for example peas and beans, and the effect of differential moisture can be overcome or masked by irrigation or fertiliser.

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Archaeology Coursebook; An Introduction to Study Skills, Topics and Methods by Jim Grant

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