By Thomas Müller (auth.), Professor Bharat Bhushan, Satoshi Kawata (eds.)
The scanning probe microscopy ?eld has been quickly increasing. it's a difficult job to assemble a well timed assessment of this ?eld with an emphasis on technical dev- opments and commercial functions. It grew to become glaring whereas enhancing Vols. I–IV that a huge variety of technical and applicational facets are current and swiftly - veloping all over the world. contemplating the good fortune of Vols. I–IV and the truth that extra colleagues from best laboratories have been able to give a contribution their newest achie- ments, we made up our minds to extend the sequence with articles touching ?elds no longer lined within the past volumes. The reaction and aid of our colleagues have been very good, making it attainable to edit one other 3 volumes of the sequence. not like to- cal convention court cases, the utilized scanning probe equipment intend to provide an summary of modern advancements as a compendium for either sensible purposes and up to date uncomplicated examine effects, and novel technical advancements with recognize to instrumentation and probes. the current volumes conceal 3 major components: novel probes and methods (Vol. V), charactarization (Vol. VI), and biomimetics and business functions (Vol. VII). quantity V comprises an summary of probe and sensor applied sciences together with built-in cantilever thoughts, electrostatic microscanners, low-noise tools and more advantageous dynamic strength microscopy thoughts, high-resonance dynamic strength - croscopy and the torsional resonance approach, modelling of tip cantilever platforms, scanning probe equipment, methods for elasticity and adhesion measurements at the nanometer scale in addition to optical functions of scanning probe ideas according to near?eld Raman spectroscopy and imaging.
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Extra info for Applied Scanning Probe Methods VI: Characterization
B) A second domain of 2-bromohexadecanoic acid molecules found at the phenyloctane/graphite interface. The alternating “bright”-“dark”-“bright” pattern now extends from lower right to upper left in the topographic image. This domain is the mirror image of that shown in (a) and is comprised only of the S-enantiomer. 4 V sample bias, 300 pA tunneling current). (c) A molecular model of (R)-2-bromohexadecanoic acid organized on a graphite lattice based on the image shown in (a). The black bars denote a chiral pair of R–R molecules bonded through their carboxylic acid groups.
14. A single row (∼ 3 nm wide) of individual PCA molecules has been transformed into a conjugated polydiacetylene, thus demonstrating the targeted creation of a molecular wire from self-assembled precursors. One could envision the utilization of such a process for the targeted interconnection of coassembled molecular devices, model systems for which will be discussed in the next section. Fig. 13. 0 V, 70 pA tunneling current) of a 10, 12-pentacosadiynoic acid monolayer at the air/graphite interface.
Both very large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons  and porphyrins  form ordered monolayers at the liquid/solid interface. However, in the presence of a supernatant solution such monolayers often coexist with a signiﬁcant number density of π-stacked aggregates and adsorbate multilayers [4, 60, 61], suggesting at most a weak selective stabilization of the adsorbate monolayer. The same species may be accessible to interrogation when vapor deposited under UHV conditions where the different adsorption procedure and absence of a supernatant solution changes both energies and kinetics.
Applied Scanning Probe Methods VI: Characterization by Thomas Müller (auth.), Professor Bharat Bhushan, Satoshi Kawata (eds.)