Read e-book online Applied Coal Petrology. The Role of Petrology in Coal PDF

By Isabel Suárez-Ruiz and John C. Crelling (Eds.)

ISBN-10: 0080450512

ISBN-13: 9780080450513

Content material:
About the Editors

, Page xi
Contributing Authors

, Pages xiii-xiv, John C. Crelling, Joan S. Esterle, Robert B. Finkelman, Stephen F. Greb, Gareth D. Mitchell, Jack C. Pashin, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz, Nicola J. Wagner, Colin R. Ward, M. Coertzen, R.H. Matjie, J.C. van Dyk
Acknowledgments

, Page xv
Preface

, Pages xvii-xviii
Chapter 1 - advent to utilized Coal Petrology

, Pages 1-18, Colin R. Ward, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz
Chapter 2 - simple components Controlling Coal caliber and Technological habit of Coal

, Pages 19-59, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz, Colin R. Ward
Chapter three - Mining and Beneficiation

, Pages 61-83, Joan S. Esterle
Chapter four - Coal Combustion

, Pages 85-117, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz, Colin R. Ward
Chapter five - Coal Gasification

, Pages 119-144, Nicola J. Wagner, M. Coertzen, R.H. Matjie, J.C. van Dyk
Chapter 6 - Direct Coal Liquefaction

, Pages 145-171, Gareth D. Mitchell
Chapter 7 - Coal Carbonization

, Pages 173-192, John C. Crelling
Chapter eight - Coal-Derived Carbon Materials

, Pages 193-225, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz, John C. Crelling
Chapter nine - Coal as a petrol resource Rock and Reservoir Rock

, Pages 227-262, Jack C. Pashin
Chapter 10 - Environmental and healthiness Impacts

, Pages 263-287, Robert B. Finkelman, Stephen F. Greb
Chapter eleven - different purposes of Coal Petrology

, Pages 289-301, John C. Crelling, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz
Bibliography

, Pages 303-380
Index

, Pages 381-388

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Additional resources for Applied Coal Petrology. The Role of Petrology in Coal Utiliztion

Example text

1979), Raymond and Gooley (1979), Kolker and Chou (1994), Patterson et al. (1994), and Zodrow and Cleal (1999). , 2005), including the occurrence of nonmineral inorganic elements. , 1999). , 1978), and a range of other instrumental techniques (Ward, 2002; Huggins, 2002; and Vassilev and Tascon, 2002). 6. 33)Si4O10(OH)2 (MgFeAl)6(AlSi)4O10(OH)8 Tourmaline Analcime Clinoptilolite Heulandite KAlSi3O8 NaAlSi3O8 CaAl2Si2O8 Na(MgFeMn)3Al6B3Si6O27(OH)4 NaAlSi2O6ÁH2O (NaK)6(SiAl)36O72Á20H2O CaAl2Si7O18Á6H2O Sulfides Pyrite Marcasite Pyrrhotite Sphalerite Galena Stibnite Millerite FeS2 FeS2 Fe(1Àx)S ZnS PbS SbS NiS Phosphates Apatite Crandallite Gorceixite Goyazite Monazite Xenotime Ca5F(PO4)3 CaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5ÁH2O BaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5ÁH2O SrAl3(PO4)2(OH)5ÁH2O (Ce,La,Th,Nd)PO4 (Y,Er)PO4 Carbonates Calcite Aragonite Dolomite Ankerite Siderite Dawsonite Strontianite Witherite Alstonite CaCO3 CaCO3 CaMg(CO3)2 (Fe,Ca,Mg)CO3 FeCO3 NaAlCO3(OH)2 SrCO3 BaCO3 BaCa(CO3)2 Sulfates Gypsum Bassanite Anhydrite Barite Coquimbite Rozenite Szomolnokite Natrojarosite Thenardite Glauberite Hexahydrite Tschermigite CaSO4Á2H2O CaSO4Á½H2O CaSO4 BaSO4 Fe2(SO4)3Á9H2O FeSO4Á4H2O FeSO4ÁH2O NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6 Na2SO4 Na2Ca(SO4)2 MgSO4Á6H2O NH4Al(SO4)2Á12H2O Others Anatase Rutile Boehmite Goethite Crocoite Chromite Clausthalite Zircon TiO2 TiO2 AlÁOÁOH Fe(OH)3 PbCrO4 (Fe,Mg)Cr2O4 PbSe ZrSiO4 Source: International Journal of Coal Geology 50, by C.

One of the most widely used methods for determining the percentage of mineral matter (as opposed to ash) involves removing the organic matter at low temperature (around 120 C) by exposing the coal to a reactive oxygen plasma produced by a radio-frequency electromagnetic field (Gluskoter, 1965; Frazer and Belcher, 1973; Miller, 1984; and Standards Australia, 2000). The residue remaining after oxidation of the organic matter consists of the essentially unaltered mineral components of the original coal, together in some cases with additional artifacts produced from the nonmineral inorganic components.

Nonmineral inorganics), but they may also represent fine particles of minerals occurring within the maceral components. Most trace elements in coal tend to have a relatively strong inorganic affinity (Davidson and Clarke, 1996, and Kolker and Finkelman, 1998), representing either low concentrations of minerals with that element as a major constituent or higher concentrations of minerals containing minor proportions of the element in question. , 1993; Laban and Atkin, 1999; and Davidson, 2000).

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Applied Coal Petrology. The Role of Petrology in Coal Utiliztion by Isabel Suárez-Ruiz and John C. Crelling (Eds.)


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