By Takeru Akazawa, Kenichi Aoki, Ofer Bar-Yosef
During this interesting quantity, the center Paleolithic archaeology of the center East is delivered to the present debate at the origins of glossy people. those accumulated papers assemble the main updated archaeological discoveries of Western Asia - a area that's frequently overshadowed via African or eu findings - however the basically quarter on this planet the place either Neandertal and early sleek human fossils were came across. the gathering contains stories on such good recognized cave websites as Kebara, Hayonim, and Qafzeh, between others. The info and interpretations on hand listed here are a needs to for any severe researcher or pupil of anthropology or human evolution.
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Additional info for Anthropology Neanderthals and Modern Humans in Western Asia
Paabo, E. Watson, N. Risen, T. Jenkins, and K. Kidd. 1996. Global patterns of l i n k age disequilibrium at the CD4 locus and modern human origins. Science 271:1380–7. Trinkaus, E. 1981. Neanderthal limb proportions and cold adaptation, 187–224. In Aspects of Human Evolution, ed. C. Stringer. London: Taylor and Francis. , C. Falgueres, and R. Bibron. 1988. Direct dating of Neanderthalian remains and animal bones by the non-destructive gamma-ray spectrometry: comparison with other methods, 135–141.
However, it is now unclear where the earliest examples of more advanced humans first appeared. 8 Ma (Culotta 1995). There is also a claim for a very early human presence in China, but the hominine nature of the main fossil, a mandibular fragment, is in dispute (Culotta 1995; Huang et al. 1996; Schwartz and Tattersall 1996a). From Europe there have been very controversial claims for a similarly early human presence, both from archaeology and fossils, at Orce in southern Spain (Dennell and Roebroeks 1996), while an undoubted hominid of Homo erectus affinities is known from Dmanisi in Georgia, close to the eastern borders of Europe (Gabunia and Vekua 1995).
Martin, and P. Stucki. 1995. Neanderthal computer skulls. Nature 375:283–5. 3 THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE MIDDLE PALEOLITHIC OF THE LEVANT Ofer Bar-Yosef Department of Anthropology Peabody Museum Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 1. INTRODUCTION In 1980, following the first conference on the “Prehistory of the Levant” (Cauvin and Sanlaville 1981), we (the author and B. Vandermeersch) realized that the accepted Middle Paleolithic chronology was too short and the ordering of sites and industries was not well-founded.
Anthropology Neanderthals and Modern Humans in Western Asia by Takeru Akazawa, Kenichi Aoki, Ofer Bar-Yosef