By Silke Muth, Peter Schneider, Mike Schnelle, Peter De Staebler
Dedicated to the research of fortifications as very important and indispensable parts of old equipped house, the current quantity effects from the job of the German established foreign examine community Fokus Fortifikation. historical Fortifications within the jap Mediterranean and is meant as a consultant to analyze on historic fortifications and a resource of idea for brand new research.
Ancient urban partitions and different fortification buildings have lengthy been underestimated. because the early years of the twenty first century, learn on old fortifications has skilled a world increase, fairly among younger researchers. They approached the learn of fortifications with clean principles and new goals, and felt the necessity to speak about the issues and potentials of those monuments and to advance harmonized study tools and targets. the end result is the current bilingual (English and German) publication, which bargains a condensed view of the network’s prolonged conversations. The target isn't a lot to provide an summary at the improvement of old fortifications, yet particularly to give flexible and various techniques to their learn and interpretation and to function a kickoff for a brand new realizing of this class of historical buildings.
The ebook is split into components: the 1st half contains 12 chapters on equipment of interpretation, documentation, and box venture association; the systematic description and presentation of fortifications; the ‘building experience’; masonry types and methods; protective, symbolic, and urbanistic capabilities and points; on fortifications in written resources, the visible arts, and as a old resource; and on neighborhood and rural fortifications, and locally limited phenomena. half is a list that gives exemplary displays of fortifications studied by means of community individuals; it really is prepared in 4 sections: areas, websites, architectural components and architectural details.
The publication is quantity 1 within the new sequence Fokus Fortifikation reports. quantity 2 within the sequence, specialise in Fortification: New study on Fortifications within the old Mediterranean and the close to East (Oxbow Books), the court cases of a global convention held in Athens in December 2012, also will look in 2015.
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Additional info for Ancient Fortifications: A Compendium of Theory and Practice
First, a general overview including the distinct identification and naming of all building elements is needed. Second, this should be followed by an exact verbal and photographic description, together forming a “wall catalogue”. Third, significant parts of the building should be documented graphically. Next are discussed the pros and cons of various surveying methods, with respect to the object being investigated: from manual measuring to the use of a total station, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), photogrammetry, or 3D-Scan.
Auf dieser Grundlage können im Folgenden die herausgearbeiteten Merkmale der Befestigung kartiert werden. Gleichzeitig ist es zur systematischen Aufbereitung der gesammelten Informationen sinnvoll, eine Datenbank anzulegen (z. B. in »Excel« oder »Filemaker«). Die Systematik der Erfassung richtet sich dabei natürlich jeweils nach der Fragestellung und Methodik, jedoch sind hier stets auch die grundlegenden, gattungsspezifischen Fragestellungen zu berücksichtigen. Eine Reflexion über die Systematik von Stadtmauerbeschreibungen und der darin zu berücksichtigenden Parameter sowie über hiermit verbundene Terminologieproblematiken bietet das folgende Kapitel 3.
Die Beschreibung erfolgt systematisch Element für Element. Der Fragenkatalog sollte Angaben zur Lage des Objektes, zu Maßen, Material, Konstruktionsformen, Baudetails, Bauphasen, Erhaltungszustand und sonstigen Befunden enthalten. Die erste Erfassung der Befestigung erfolgt somit mittels eines Fragenkatalogs, dessen Kriterien während dieser Dokumentationsphase dem Objekt weiter angepasst werden können. Das Mauerbuch ist ein umfassendes Werkzeug, um sich in die Merkmale der Befestigung einzuarbeiten.
Ancient Fortifications: A Compendium of Theory and Practice by Silke Muth, Peter Schneider, Mike Schnelle, Peter De Staebler