By Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek
* Includes case experiences from South the United States and so much authors are from South America
* Departs from conventional metropolitan dominance
* vital for any decolonial/anticolonial attention of archaeology
The papers during this booklet query the tyranny of typological pondering in archaeology via case reports from quite a few South American international locations (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. they target to teach that typologies are unavoidable (they are, finally, tips to create networks that provide meanings to symbols) yet that their tyranny might be conquer in the event that they are used from a severe, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: severe as the complacent perspective in the direction of their tyranny is changed by way of a militant stance opposed to it; heuristic simply because they're used as potential to arrive substitute and suggestive interpretations yet now not as final and sure destinies; and non-prescriptive simply because rather than utilizing them as threads to keep on with they're fairly used as constitutive components of extra complicated and connective materials. The papers incorporated within the booklet are varied in temporal and locational phrases. They hide from so known as Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. but, the papers are comparable. they've got in universal their shared rejection of tested, naturalized typologies that constrain the best way archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into renowned and predictable conclusions. Their resourceful interpretative proposals flee from the safe convenience of venerable typologies, many suspicious due to their organization with colonial political narratives. as an alternative, the authors suggest novel methods of facing archaeological info.
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Additional resources for Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective
Washington: Frederick Webb Hodge Anniversary Publication Fund. Nimuendajú, C. (1946). The Eastern Timbira. Berkeley: University of California Press. Oliver, J. (2001). The archaeology of forest foraging and agriculture in Amazonia. In C. Barreto & E. Neves Unknown Amazon (pp. 50–84). London: The British Museum Press. , & McGuire, R. (1991). The archaeology of equality and inequality. Annual Review of Anthropology, 18, 369–399. Perota, C. (1974). Resultados preliminares da região central do Estado do Espírito Santo.
Decentralization, on the other hand, would be verified in the sudden abandonment of some of those large sites” (Neves and Petersen 2006, p. 301). While site abandonment in the Amazon has been formerly explained as the result of adaptive problems (Meggers 1996), the new data seem to point to far more complex processes due to competition and political conflict, causing frequent settlement fractioning. “Such conflicts would emerge from a constant tension between, at one hand, centralizing centripetal hierarchical ideologies—verified in the archaeological record in, for instance, labor mobilization in mound building activities—and, at the other hand, centrifugal pulverized and uncontrollable household-based productive units” (Neves and Petersen 2006, p.
Chicago: Aldine. Meggers, B. (1990). Reconstrução do comportamento locacional pré-histórico na Amazonia. ˆ Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi 6(2), 183–203. Meggers, B. (1992). Amazonia: Real or counterfeit paradise? Review of Archaeology 13(2), 25–39. Meggers, B. (1995). Amazonia on the eve of European contact: Ethnohistorical, ecological, and anthropological perspectives. Revista de Arqueologia Americana, 8, 91–115. Meggers, B. (1996). Amazonia: Man and culture in a counterfeit paradise (revised edition).
Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective by Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek