By Gwendolyn Leick
This Dictionary provides a entire survey of the complete variety of historic close to jap structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the large temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the advance of the critical types of historical structure inside their geographical and ancient context, and describes positive aspects of significant websites reminiscent of Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to the various lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the diversities of standard historic architectural constructions corresponding to pyramids, tombs and homes, info the construction fabric and strategies hired, and clarifies professional terminology.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture
The characteristic layout consists of a rectangular forecourt with lateral subsidiary chambers, monumental gateways flanked with portal sculptures and the combination of a shallow transverse ante-chamber with an oblong cella in which the image stood on an elevated pedestal in a vaulted niche. The Assyrian ZIGGURAT is traditionally more closely associated with a temple on the ground (as already at MARI and TELL AL-RIMAH) and was not accessible via ramps as in Babylonia, but probably from the roofs of these temples (see ASSUR).
Xix. This site in the Negev was first inhabited during the Chalcolithic period but the major occupational levels date first from the 3rd millennium BC (Early Bronze I and II) and then from the end of the second and the first half of the 1st millennium BC (Iron Age). Arad was flourishing during the period of the First Egyptian dynasty (c. 3100– 2890 BC) when it was an important waystation for Egyptian caravans journeying to the Dead Sea. The town was surrounded by a curved wall strengthened by semicircular towers which followed the contours of the hill.
South of the citadel an unusual rectangular building was discovered with rooms surrounding an inner courtyard. It might have served as a royal guesthouse. , Archaeology 25, 4 (1972) bastion Projection in the walls of fortifications, often at the corners which allowed the defenders to overlook and cover a wide area of ground. The shape of the bastions could be semi-circular, triangular (as on archaic Egyptian seal representations), square or, most frequently, rectangular. It is not always easy to distinguish bastions from towers or buttresses, as the upper parts of the walls are mostly too denuded.
A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture by Gwendolyn Leick