J L Bintliff's A companion to archaeology PDF

By J L Bintliff

ISBN-10: 0470998601

ISBN-13: 9780470998601

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Pe´trequin 1993), one of long standing and widely prevalent, the other relatively novel and little used. These methods of ax hafting can themselves be considered in population terms and their population trajectories traced through time as the two types compete with one another. The selective environment in which the competition takes place is the human population of ax makers and users. Decisions will be made about which form of ax haft to make in the light of a number of factors; for example, the size of trees to be cut down (which may change as clearance proceeds and primary gives way to secondary forest); the raw material sources available (which may affect the form and the size of the ax blade); the ways in which axes are held and used; within a broad least-effort framework which assumes that, other things being equal, people would rather spend less effort cutting down a tree, rather than more.

He also pointed out that his conclusions about the patterns of interaction through time in this period and area correspond to those of the culture historians who had studied the phenomenon, rather than with those of subsequent analyses undertaken within a New Archaeology frame- work. These had suggested that the end of the Middle Woodland and the cessation of exotic goods exchange represented the replacement of gift exchange relations by more frequent, routine, everyday forms of contact. This does not appear to be the case.

People can alter the way they do things quite unwittingly. In many circumstances this will not matter. If one person unwittingly decorates a pot in a slightly different way from the norm, this will not make any difference at all if there are many potters, unless some at least begin to deliberately copy the innovation. In other circumstances though, copying error can make a difference. For example, if a small number of elders carry out an initiation ceremony at relatively rare intervals then, as their memories fade, with relatively few people to check against, change can be quite rapid through this process alone.

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A companion to archaeology by J L Bintliff

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